Tutahaco YTB-624 - History

Tutahaco YTB-624 - History

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(YTB-624: dp. 218 (tl.); 1. 101'; b. 28'; dr. 11'; s. 12 k.
(tl.); cpl. 10; cl. Hisada)

Tutahaco (YTB-624) was laid down on 1 May 1946 at Jacksonville, Fla., by Gibbs Corporation Marine Repair Yard launched in August 1946, and completed and delivered to the Navy on 6 November 1946

Placed in service, the large harbor tug began duties with the 10th Naval District, San Juan, Puerto Rico, early in 1946. Redesignated a medium harbor tug— YTM—on 2 February 1962, she was still in service, assigned to the 10th Naval District, in 1980, after almost 30 years in the Caribbean.


Since the mid-1980s, the Navy has been systematically decommissioning its aging YTB fleet at its bases around the world and replacing the YTBs with time-charter contracts with commercial tug boat companies. Competition among tug boat operators for these contracts has been intense.

From 01 January 1998 to 31 December 1998, MSC has demonstrated the effectiveness of relying on the commercial tug industry to support the Fleets for harbor craft services, in lieu of the continued use of Navy owned and operated harbor craft. This feat was accomplished with the innovative use of performance specifications, commercial procurement practices, and communication with the harbor craft industry to ensure our solicitations and contracts did not impose unnecessary administrative burdens while still meeting the customer's needs.

MSC successfully issued new contracts to privatize the tug services previously performed by Navy YTBs (Yard Tug Boats) in the ports of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, Apra, Guam, and Norfolk, Virginia. These harbor craft provide critical support to the warfighters by assisting vessel docking/undocking, providing firefighting and salvage services, and providing personnel transfer platforms.

A failure to smoothly provide harbor tug services during peacetime or wartime could critically impair the operational effectiveness of the port. The contracts are set up to handle current peacetime harbor traffic volumes, but similar contracts have shown this approach capable of effectively handling increased volumes due to contingencies and adverse weather. Additionally, the contracts provide the Navy with services that will not soon be outdated, and allow for use of emergent commercial technologies.

These contracts obtain the best value to the Government by providing a more effective tug with a greater capability, and at a lower cost. Additionally, the contracts conform very closely to their commercial counterparts. They contain maritime clauses which are tailored to protect the Government while still recognizing commercial practices (e.g. insurance, crewing). Instead of complex contracts, the documents are easy to use and display a flexibility not commonly seen in the Government procurement world.

  • Allowing contractors to bid for different periods of performance to reduce cost and increase competition
  • Allowing the Navy to charter tugs but permit the vessels to be released for commercial work, thus off-setting the Navy's costs
  • Allowing the Navy to obtain the services of state-of-the art, highly maneuverable tugs which enhances safety and readiness Expanding the use of best value source selection and
  • Representing a close partnership with industry to perform market research (including participation in industry-wide workboat conferences), identify process improvements, and eliminate unnecessary specifications.

By requiring the commercial firm to provide fully operational tugs, including logistics, maintenance, and management/crewing support, these contracts allow the Navy to redistribute approximately 126 military personnel previously assigned to the Navy tugs. This increases readiness and is estimated to save at least $40 million over the next five years. Additional savings are anticipated as a result of right-sizing the integrated logistics chain that supported the Navy tugs.

The accomplishments of this team, and its willingness to listen to the contractor's ideas, gained wide-spread attention in the industry and is one of the reasons that WorkBoat magazine placed this initiative in its list of the top ten Industry news-stories of 1998.

The primary incentives for this initiative are cost reduction and improved operational readiness. By providing cost-effective contracts and increased readiness capabilities, the Privatization Initiative Team has provided the Fleets with increased capability and an overall cost reduction to the Government. Additionally, these contracts free Navy billets formerly required for YTB operations for redistribution elsewhere in the Fleets. Significant savings in manpower and operating dollars during 1998 have been achieved. Estimated savings (not including maintenance costs) for Pearl Harbor, Guam, and Norfolk for the five-year life of the contracts are illustrated below. Pearl Harbor $7.5 Million Guam $6.0 Million Norfolk $22.0 Million.

Increased readiness and safety are also hallmarks of the privatization efforts during the past year. This is demonstrated by replacing, on average, three older Navy tugs with two modern, commercial vessels. These newer vessels are similar to those demanded by strict environmental states, such as California and Washington, for vessel-escort services to tank-vessels entering their waters. The contract vessels have greater power, fire-fighting capability, maneuverability, and faster response time than the Navy tugs they are replacing.

On December 1, 1998, the U.S. Navy's Military Sealift Command confirmed that MORAN had been awarded a contact to provide tractor tugs to replace the Navy's yard tug boats (YTB's) at its Norfolk Naval Station and at the Naval Amphibious Base at Little Creek, Virginia. For MORAN, obtaining the Norfolk contract was important, not only because Norfolk is the largest naval base in the world, but also because MORAN has a long history of providing tug boat services to the Navy, in general, and Norfolk in particular. A significant aspect of the terms of the Navy's Request for Proposal (RFP) for this coveted contract required that MORAN be able to supply the Navy with eight low-profile, highly maneuverable tractor tugs, with twin 360 degree azimuthing propulsion units within a relatively narrow time horizon. Because of its prior experience in providing services to the Navy at Norfolk, MORAN felt that it could readily provide the skilled people and expertise required by the contract, but providing the equipment in the required time frame represented a significant challenge.

YTB Large Yard Tug

As built in 1940, Hoga, designated as a YT-146 (Yard Tug), YTB-146 (Large Yard Tug), and YTM-146 (Medium Yard Tug) by the US Navy, is a typical US Navy yard tug of the period. This type of vessel inspired the design of the common merchant tugboat type of the post-war period currently in use in the United States. Built entirely of welded steel, Hoga is 99.7 feet in length overall, with a 25.6-foot breadth and a 10.6-foot draft. Hoga displaces 350 tons.[1] The hull, originally painted "Navy grey," is now painted gray and red the superstructure, originally gray, is now white. The vessel's name has been changed Hoga is now City of Oakland.

The vessel was originally equipped with twin 250-hp electric pump motors which provided 2,000 gallons per minute of water at 152 psi to three monitors, and to manifolds for 2-3/4- and 1-1/2-inch fire hose on the deck, which she still retains. In the summer of 1948 the vessel's firefighting capacity was increased by the addition of three afterdeck mounted 8-cylinder, 225-hp Buda diesel engines and United Iron Works 6-inch two-stage centrifugal pumps. The pumps, which also provided 2,000 gallons per minute at 150 psi, increased the total pumping capacity of the fireboat to 10,000 gpm. Four additional monitors were added, one of which was later removed, to make the present total of six.

The vessel is Diesel-electric powered. The original twin Diesel 650-hp McIntosh and Seymour engines power twin 515-hp Westinghouse electric motors, which through a common reduction gear power a single screw at 160 rpm to develop a top speed of 14 knots. The engines can be switched to drive the propulsion motors or the original electric pumps below decks, a feature common to fireboats. The vessel also has two original 410-kw direct current generators.

The arrangement of the machinery reflects a common engineering technique for a Diesel-electric tugboat of the period. For Diesel-electric drive the arrangement of machinery is simple. One or two Diesels coupled to generators and exciters with necessary auxiliaries, starting air bottles, etc., are arranged at the forward end of the engine room, while at the aft end is situated the main propelling motor, switchboard, with emergency controls, and the principal ship auxiliaries such as bilge and ballast pumps and fire pump.

The description of a typical Diesel-electric tugboat fits Hoga, though she was more powerful than the standard merchant tug of the time. The vessel was built with a single welded steel deckhouse with an elevated steel pilothouse, which remains without modification. Flanged steel pipes from the pumps below deck run up the sides and along the deck of the superstructure and provide water to one of the original monitors atop the pilothouse and a monitor mounted on a projecting platform at the forward end of the superstructure in 1948. The upper deck and pilothouse roof are surrounded by a simple pipe rail. The ship's bell, enscribed "USS Hoga, 1940," hangs at the front of the pilothouse. The superstructure also supportts an original steel pole mast with running lights and a single steel funnel. Aft on deck is the original steel pole platform turret tower supporting the an original monitor. Additional monitors, added in 1948, are mounted on the deck aft.

YTB 760 Natick Class

The YTB 760 Class is a single screw, 2000 HP, diesel propelled, large harbor tug 109 foot by 29 foot. It is designed to maneuver ships, tow barges and submarines in close quarters such as channel operation, harbors, coastal waters, mooring docking or undocking. YTB's are also equipped with a 2000 GPM fire pump and AFFF fire fighting equipment necessary to provide waterfront or harbor fire fighting service. They are capable of extended ocean towing being equipped with a full galley and dual gender berthing.

While a YTB displaced a mere 350 tons when fully loaded, its 2,000-horsepower two diesel engines and crew of 10 to 12 sailors could assist in nudging a 97,000-ton NIMITZ-class nuclear aircraft carrier out to sea or help to bring it pierside.

In 1997 Trident Refit Facility, (TRF) Kings Bay, completed a major overhaul on Navy yard tug PETALESHARO (YTB 832) at the Georgia submarine base. A submarine repair facility, TRF's mission is to provide quality industrial and logistics support for the incremental overhaul, modernization and repair of Trident submarines, and to provide global submarine supply support. TRF has increased its level of "non-Trident" repair, however, completing overhauls on various types of ships in the last year, including a guided missile cruiser, a torpedo retriever and a three-month, history making Selected Restricted Availability on destroyer USS O'BANNON. The Navy selected TRF as repair sit for YTB 832 because of the submarine repair facility's growing reputation as a leader in quality regional maintenance. One of three tugs in excess in Mayport, Fla., YTB 832 was sent to TRF for overhaul because the overhaul could be completed in one-third the time it would require in a private shipyard and for a fraction of the costs. The tug was transported to La Maddalena, Italy, to support the submarine tender USS SIMON LAKE. The TRF team completed more than 50,000 man hours in the tug overal, replacing the tug's navigational system, updating the shore power system, and creating a new Material Maintenance Management system and Preventive Maintenance System deck. They overhauled all the tug's tanks and engines and added an accommodation ladder. TRF saved the Navy $800,000 in fleet maintenance funds by doing the repairs at Kings Bay.

The Navy is continually looking for ways to contend with this reality. One way is through shrinking the size of the fleet and that relates to fewer ships and fewer ports. Another target of downsizing is Port Operations, home to most Service Craft and boats. The bulk of the manpower at Port Operations is military. This duty provides the sailors with a sea-shore rotation. In the past this source of manpower was an inexpensive source of labor while providing the sailor with a job related duty station while in port waiting their next sea duty assignment. However as the number of ships and bases decrease so does the number of military billets to man them. What was once an inexpensive source of labor has become a limited and costly resource.

Port Operations functions can be outsourced retaining Navy personnel for afloat commands. This reduces Navy cost and utilizes military billets for the specialized critical missions that Navy personnel are trained to accomplish. One example, is the Navy harbor tug (YTB). Its recommended crew is (4)CPO, and (8)enlisted. Its commercial counterpart crew size is three or four. To outsource or privatize this service reduces Navy manpower with out sacrificing mission ability. It is also true that some civilian jobs are affected by outsourcing or privatizing port operations. In certain situations alternatives to Outsourcing have been successfully implemented. Example, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard which has utilized Navy YTB's with civilian crews. However it is important to point out that this is a unique situation. Utilization at PSNSY is not the ops tempo of Naval Station Norfolk, therefore no comparison is intended.


Detail Specification for Building Harbor tug, Large YTB-760 Class, dated with Mod 1 dated 16 June 1960, Mod 2 dated 22 July 1960, Mod 3 dated 20 Sept 1960, Mod 4 dated 28 Sept 1960 and Mod 5 dated 5 Oct 1962

Accohanoc was laid down on 12 April 1945, at Morris Heights, New York, by Consolidated Shipbuilding Corp. launched on 9 July 1945 and delivered to the Navy on 28 December 1945. [1]

By that time, however, World War II had ended and the Navy's need for all types of ships had greatly diminished. Consequently, instead of joining the Fleet, the large harbor tug was placed in reserve at Green Cove Springs, Florida, and remained inactive for 16 months. [1]

She was finally placed in service in May 1947, for duty in the 7th Naval District, plying the waters of Florida. When the 7th Naval District was dissolved on 1 September 1948, Accohanoc reported to the commandant of its successor, the enlarged 6th Naval District. That assignment endured for almost 40 years. In February 1962, the tug was reclassified a medium harbor tug and redesignated YTM-545. [1] Her last years as a naval vessel were spent handling the Lexington (CVT-16) in and out of berth at Pensacola Naval Air Station, Pensacola, Florida. [ citation needed ]

In February 1987, Accohanoc was placed out of service and her name was struck from the Navy List. She was transferred to the Maritime Administration (MARAD) on 10 June 1987. [2]

Accohanoc was used in the James River Reserve Fleet, redesignated TD-25, until she was swamped 16 September 1999, by Hurricane Floyd. Her final disposition is unknown, but possibly scrapped. [2]

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Tutahaco YTB-624 - History

A Concise History of New Mexico


United States Officials

The following list of governors includes all those who were appointed to that position while New Mexico was a territory. In some similar lists the names of secretaries who have served as governor for a considerable period are included. But it seemed difficult to draw the line of selection. Under the organic act, the secretary becomes acting-governor the moment the governor leaves the territory. In accordance with this provision, every secretary has acted as governor, more or less Secretaries Ritch, Arny, and Davis, probably longer than others. The only proper course, therefore, was to insert a full list of secretaries.

The list of chief justices shows the heads of the judiciary of New Mexico, through the whole territorial period.

A full list of delegates in Congress is also presented.

1846 August 19, Stephen W. Kearny.
1846 September 22, Charles Bent (assassinated January 17, 1847).
1847 January 17, Donaciano Vigil, acting.

1847 December 17, Donaciano Vigil.
1848 October 11, J. M. Washington, Commandant of the Department.
1849 John Munroe, Commandant of the Department.


1851 James S. Calhoun.
1852 William Carr Lane.
1853 David Meriwether.
1857 Abraham Rencher.
1861 Henry Connelly.
1866 Robert B. Mitchell.
1869 William A. Pile.
1871 Marsh Giddings.
1875 Samuel B. Axtell.
1878 Lewis Wallace.
1881 Lionel A. Sheldon.
1885 Edmund G. Ross.
1889 L. Bradford Prince.
1893 William T. Thornton.
1897 Miguel A. Otero.
1906 Herbert J. Hagerman.
1907 George Curry.
1910 William J. Mills till January 15, 1912.


1846 Donaciano Vigil (appointed by General Kearny).
1848 Donaciano Vigil (appointed by Col. Washington).
1851 Hugh N. Smith (not confirmed).
1851 William S. Allen.
1852 John Greiner.
1853 William S. Messervy.
1854 W. W. H. Davis.

1857 A. M. Jackson. 1861 Miguel A. Otero.
1861 James H. Holmes.
1862 W. F. M. Amy.

1867 H. H. Heath.

1871 Henry Wetter.
1872 W. F. M. Arny.
1873 William G. Ritch.

1884 Samuel A. Losch.
1885 George W. Lane.

1889 B. M. Thomas.

1892 Silas Alexander.
1893 Lorion Miller.

1897 George H. Wallace.

1901 James W. Eaynolds.

1907 Nathan Jaffa to 1912.


1846 Joab Houghton.

1851 Grafton Baker.

1853 J. J. Deavenport.

1858 Kirby Benedict.

1866 John P. Slough.
1868 John S. Watts.
1869 Joseph G. Palen. 1876 Henry L. Waldo.

1878 Charles McCandless.
1879 L. Bradford Prince.

1882 Samuel B. Axtell.

1885 William A. Vincent.

1885 Elisha V. Long. 1

889 James O'Brien.

1893 Thomas Smith.

1898 William J. Mills.

1910 William H. Pope.


31st 1849-51
32d 1851-53
33d 1853-55
34th, 35th and 36th 1855-61
37th 1861-63
38th 1863-65
39th and 40th 1865-69
41st 1869-71
[Contested by J. F. Chaves, w]
42d 1871-73
43d and 44th 1873-77
45th 1877-79
46th 1879-81
47th 1881-83
48th 1883-85
49th to 53d 1885-95
54th 1895-97
55th 1897-99
56th 1899-1901
57th and 58th 1901-05
59th to 62d 1905-12


William S. Messervy. K. H. Weightman. Jose Manuel Gallegos. Miguel A. Otero. John S. Watts. Francisco Perea. J. Francisco Chaves. Charles P. Clever. ras seated at end of sess Jose Manuel Gallegos. Stephen B. Elkins. Trinidad Romero. Mariano S. Otero. Tranquilino Luna. F. A. Manzanares. Antonio Joseph. Thomas B. Catron. H. B. Fergusson. Pedro Perea. Bernard S. Rodey. William H. Andrews.

State Organization 1912

The state government was put in actual operation by the inauguration of the governor, on January 15, 1912. The other elected officials of the state assumed office at various times, shortly before or after that date.

The legislature met and organized on March 11, 1912, and continued in session until June 8th. During the session of the Senate a number of the appointive officials were appointed and confirmed some others remaining in office under their previous appointments, and not yet being superseded.

The following elective, appointive, and legislative officials were those holding their respective positions on July 1, 1912 :



Governor: William C. McDonald
Lieutenant-Governor: Esequiel G. de Baca
Secretary of State: Antonio Lueero
Attorney-General: Frank W. Clancy
Auditor: William G. Sargent
Treasurer: Owen N. Marron
Commissioner of Public Lands: Robert P. Ervien
Superintendent of Public Instruction: Alvan N. White
Corporation Commissioner: Hugh H. Williams
Corporation Commissioner: Matthew S. Groves
Corporation Commissioner: Oscar L. Owen
Thomas B. Catron: Albert B. Fall
George Curry: H. B. Fergusson

Santa Fe Three Rivers
Tularosa Albuquerque



Supreme Court, Chief Justice - Clarence J. Roberts
Supreme Court - Richard H. Hanna
Supreme Court - Frank W. Parker
District Court. 1st District - Edmund C. Abbott
District Court, 2d District - Herbert F. Raynolds
District Court, 3d District - E. L. Medler
District Court, 4th District - David J. Leahy
District Court, 5th District - John T. McClure
District Court, 6th District - Colin Neblett
District Court, 7th District - Merritt C. Mechem
District Court, 8th District -
Thomas D. Leib


Traveling Auditor, Howell Earnest, 1912
State Engineer, James A. French, 1912
Insurance Superintendent, Jacobo Chavez, holds over
Librarian, Lola C. Armijo, holds over
Adjutant-General,A. S. Brooks, 1912
Superintendent of Penitentiary, John B. McManus, 1912
Game and Fish Warden, Trinidad C. de Baca, 1912
Mine Inspector, Joseph E. Sheridan, holds over
Coal Oil Inspector, Frank Lopez, 1912
Captain Mounted Police, Fred Fornoif, 1912


1 John S. Clark, East Las Vegas
2 Juan Navarro, Mora
3 Louis C. Ilfeld, Las Vegas
4 Thomas D. Burns, Tierra Amarilla
5 Joseph F. Sulzer, Albuquerque
6 Epimenio A. Miera, Cuba
7 Isaac Barth, Albuquerque
8 Edwin C. Crampton, Raton
9 Eugenio B. Gallegos, Gallegos
]0 Benjamin F. Pankey, Lamy
11 Squire Hartt, Jr., Ranches of Taos
12 Boleslo Romero, Los Lunas
13 Charles J. Laughren, Deming
14 A. C. Abeytia, Socorro
15 William M. McCoy, Mountainair
16 Herbert B. Holt, Las Cruces
17 Gregory Page, Gallup
18 John M. Bowman, Alamogordo
19 James F. Hinkle, Roswell
20 Fred F. Doepp, Carlsbad
21 A. J. Evans, Portales
22 C. H. Alldredge, Tucumeari
23 Thomas J. Mabry, Clovis
24 William B. Walton, Silver City

Roman L. Baca, Speaker


Zaearias Padilla, Los Lunas
Miguel E. Baea, Los Lunas
Conrad N. Hilton, San Antonio
Thomas Cooney, Mogollon
Tomas A. Gurule, Albuquerque
John B. Burg, Albuquerque
Rafael Garcia, Albuquerque
Roman L. Baca, Santa Fe
Charles C. Catron, Santa Fe
Julian Trujillo, Chimayo
J. P. Lucero, Lumberton
George W. Tripp, East Las Vegas
Jose G. Lobato, Tecolote
Francisco Quintana, Sapello
Bias Sanchez, Wagon Mound
Remigio Lopez, Roy
J. R. Skidmore, Raton
Manuel C. Martinez, Pofiil
Luis R. Montoya, Taos
Manuel Cordova, Taos
Marcos C. de Baca, Bernalillo
Oscar T. Toombs, Clayton
Juan D. Casados, Clapham
James W. Chaves, Willard
John J. Clancy, Puerto de Luna
John A. Young, Gallup
Duncan McGillivray, Crown Point
W. H. H. Llewellyn, Las Cruces
Presiliano Moreno, Las Cruces
James V. Tully, Glencoe
Chas. P. Downs , Alamogordo

18 Jas. W. Mullens, Roswell
18 J. T. Evans, Dexter
18 W. E. Rogers, Roswell
19 Hugh M. Gage, Hope
19 Florence Love, Loving
20 P. E. Carter, Portales
21 S. J. Smith, Mountainview
22 A. S. Goodell, Silver City
22 Robt. H. Boulware, Silver City
23 George H. Tucker, Hillsboro
24 W. H. Chrisman, Aztec
25 J. W. Campbel,l Tucumcari
25 John L. House, House
26 W. W. Nichols, Clovis
27 Antonio D. Vargas, Ojo Caliente
28 Tranquilino Labadie, Santa Rosa
29 M. P. Manzanares, Fort Sumner
30 W. E. Blanchard, Arabela

AIJIQUIU, 33, 34, 127
Abo, 47, 94, 96
Aborigines, history of, 20-29 structures of, 28
Abeyta, Ambrosio, loan to American paymaster, 225
Abreu, Santiago, 150, 151, 161
Aeoma, 31, 32, 36, 47, 62, 71, 83, 97-99
Agricultural College, 206, 20S, 256
Alarid family, 155
Albuquerque, 123, 142, 251
Alencaster, Governor, 129, 140, 141
Alvarado, Hernando de, 67, 71
Alvarez, Manuel, 188, 192, 195, 228-230
American military government, 187-190
American occupation, 178-189
American pioneers, 153, 154, 155
Andrews, William H., 236, 240, 266
Angney, Capt. W. Z., 184, 187, 22S
Archives, sale of, 197
Archuleta, Diego, 158, 183
Arellano, Tristan de, 67, 6?, 72, 75
Arizona, 17, 26, 196, 237
Armijo, Gen. Manuel, 150, 151, 161, 162, 179
Arny, W. F. M., 196, 265
Axtell, Gov. S. B., 199. 200, 264, 265
Ayeta, Father, 113, 245
Aztecs, Migrations of, 25
Baea, Roman A., 152
Baird, Spruce M., 188
Bajitist missions, 249
Bar Association, 207
Beaubien, Charles, 154-155
Belen, 33, 34
Beltram, Father, 84, S6
Ben Hur, 203
Benavides, Alonzo, 46, 105, 245
Bent, Gov. Charles, 154, 182, 183
Bigotes, 70 73
Bishops of Durango, 125, 127, 153,246
Bonilla, Francisco L., 90
Bonney, James, 155, 179
Buffaloes, 70, 74
Burgwin, Capt., 185
CABEZA DE VACA, 52, 57, 59, 75, 8I
Cachupines (native Spaniards), 152
Calhoun, Gov. James S. 190, 191,228, 264
California Column, 224
Canby, General, 222
Caravan to Mexico, 143
Cardenas, Garcia Lopez de, 67, 70
Carleton, Gen. J. IT., 224
Carson, Christopher (Kit), 154, 222
Casa Grande, Arizona, 63, 64
Castaneda, 38, 66
Castano de Sosa, Gaspar, 87-90
Catite, 110, 118 Catron, Thomas B., 235, 238, 266,269
Chamuscado, 79
Chaves, Amado, 226, 257
Chaves, Antonio Jose, murdered, 173
Chaves, Francisco Xavier, 150

Chaves, Jose, 151
Chaves, Jose Antonio, 150
Chaves, Jose Maria, 152
Chaves, Col. J. Francisco, 196, 222, 231, 266
Chaves, Manuel, 152, 184, 223
Chaves, Mariano, 151, 162
Chiehilticale, 63, 68, 78
Chief justices, list of, 265
Christian Brothers, 255
Churches, 245-252
Cicuie, 31, 70, 71, 72, 74 Cibola, 31, 32, 62, 63, 64, 68, 69, 83
Cochiti, 32, 36, 48
" stone lions of, 31, 33
Colorado River, 70, 84, 102
Coraanehes, 124, 126, 128
Conchos, 81, 85, 93
Congregational missions, 251
Congressional delegates, list of, 266
Conklin, James, 154 Connelly, Gov. Henry, 169, 188, 195, 229, 264:
Corazones, town of, 56
Corn, 40, 88
Coronado, Francisco Vasquez, 59, 66-
Cotton, 42, 44, 62, 82, 73
Cruzate, Gov., 38, 115
Cuara, 24, 47, 94
Cubero, Gov. Pedro E., 121, 123
Culiacan, 60, 67
Curry, Gov. George, 212, 215, 264, 269
D. A. R. MONUMENT, 161
D Almansa, Antony, 141
Davis, W. W. H., 77, 194, 264
De Anza, Juan Bautista, 127
Doniphan, Col., 178, 182
Drama, 93, 95
EL PASO, 37, 93, 115
Elkins, S. B., 200, 232, 266
Episcopal church missions, 250
Escalante, Padre, 128
Escalona, Luis de, 78
Espejo, Antonio de, 13, 81-86
Estevanico, 55, 59, 60, 61, 63, 64
Estufas, 40, 88, 114
FAIRS, 128
Fall, Albert B., 213, 269
Farfan, Capt., 93, 101
Florida, 13, 14
Fort Marcy, 180-181
Franciscans, 18, 79, 80, 81, 96, 100,
105, 113, 114, 125, 152, 244, 247
Franciscan martyrs of 1680, 113
Galisteo, 32, 33, 47, 80, 89, 95, 123
Gallegos, Rev. J. M., 183, 193, 266
Garces, Padre, 128
Giddings, Gov. Marsh, 198, 264
Glorieta, battle of, 223
Gold and silver, 65, 83, 84 127, 166,172
Gonzales, Gen. Elias, 157
Gonzales, Jose, Gov., 161-162
Governors, list of American, 263-264
" Mexican, list of, 176-177
Spanish, list of, 175
Gran Quivira (see Tabira)
Gregg, George W., 169, 170, 171
Guadalupe Hidalgo, Treaty of, 16,
186, 227
Hagerman, Gov. H. J., 214, 264
Harwood, Rev. Thomas, 249, 255
Historical Society of N.M. 11, 114,195, 203
Hopi (see Moqui)
Hospitality of the people, 146
Hubates, 32, 84
Humana, Juan de, 90 Humanos (Jumanos), 81, 96
Hurtado, Juan Paez, 121, 123

IDOLS of Pueblo Indians, 37, 39, 41,42, 43, 44
Independent judiciary, 202, 206
Indian wars, 152, 193, 194
Inquisition, 106-108 Insane asylum, 206, 208
Inscription Rock, 105
Insurrection of 1837, 159-163
Isleta, 32, 36, 47, 82, 11.3, 115
Isleta, loan by Ambrosio Abeyta, 225
Iturbide, Emperor, 148
JEMEZ, 31, 32, 36, 47, 50, 83, 95
Jesuits, 125, 255
Joseph, Antonio, 233-234, 266
Jusepe, 91, 101
KEARNY, GEN. S. W., 178, 180
Kendall, George V., 156
LA CANADA, battle of, 184
La Lande, Baptiste, 165
Laguna, 32, 36, 121
Lamy, Archbishop, 247
Land grants, 208
Land of Seven Cities, 58, 60, 63, 67
Lane, Gov. William Carr, 192, 264
Lincoln County War, 199, 202
Llewellyn, W. H. H., 212
Lopez, Francisco, 79, 80, 84
Loretto, Sisters of, 254
Louisiana, 14, 15
Loyalty of native people, 220, 222, 224 225
Manrique, Jose, 130
Marcos de Niza, 60, 65, 67, 68
Martinez, Padre Antonio Jose, 153,158, 253, 260
Martinez, Gov. Mariano, 151, 157,253
Matanza, 91
Maxwell, Lucien B., 154
McDonald, Gov. W. C, 218, 268

Melgares, Faeundo, 129, 13.1, 133,142, 150
Mercantile business, prices, etc., 145
Meriwether, Gov. David, 167, 193,264
Methodist missions, 249
Mexican government, 148-158
Mills, Gov. William J., 216, 264 Mining, 84, 85, 100, 127, 144, 202
Mitchell, Gov. R, B., 196, 264
Mogollon, Gov., 124
Moqui, 34, 70, 84, 97, 101, 123, 126
Muller, Frederick, 212
Munroe, Col. John, 229-230
Mufioz, Pedro, 151
NAMBE, 32, 36, 48, 84
Narbona, Antonio, 150
Navajos, 123, 129, 182
New Mexico, boundaries, 14-17
" " early maps of, 14, 15
" " name, 13, 85, 231, 237
" " population, 18, 19, 34, 106, 126, 127, 157
Newspapers, 153, 259-262
New West Educational Commission, 255
Normal institutions, 208, 216, 257
Onate, Juan de, 92-99, 101-105
Ortiz, Rev. Juan Felipe, 153, 158,183, 191, 247
Otermin, Gov. Antonio, 109, 111, 114, 115
Otero, Miguel Antonio, 195, 265, 266
Otero, Gov. M. A., 211, 264
Panfilo de Narvaez, 52
Passaguates, 81
Pecos, 32, 35, 47, 84, 88, 95
Pecos River, 15, 85, 88

Peiialosa, Diego de, 107-108
Penuela, Marquez de la, 123, 124
Peralta, battle of, 223
Peralta, Pedro de, 105
Perez, Albino, 151, 159, 258
Picuris, 32, 36, 47, 50, 95
Pike, expedition of, 130, 132 147,166
Pike's Peak, 134
Pile, Gov. W. A., 197, 264
Pino, Pedro Bautista, 130, 247
Pioneers, American, 130, 153-155
Piros, 46, 47, 77, 94
Pojoaque, 32, 36, 48
Pope, 109, 110, 114, 116 Presbyterian Missions, 249
Price, Gen. Sterling, 182, 184
Prince, Gov. L. B., 202, 203, 207,
214, 238, 256, 264
Printing press, 258
Puara, 71, 80, 94, 97
Public school system, 20S, 256 Pueblo Indians, agriculture of, 40,
42, 44, 88 customs of, 40, 43, 44
history of, 30, 50, 106, 111, 116
houses of, 39, 40, 44, 45, 71, 82,
88 idols of, 37, 39, 41, 42, 43, 44
list of towns, 31, 32, 34, 47, 48
nations and languages, 46, 48, 50
Pueblo revolution of 1680, 110-116
Pueblos, descriptions of, 39, 45, 83,
84, 88 grants to, 37 population
of, 34, 36 Pursley, James, 165
QUAREA (see Cuara)
Querechos, 74
Queres, 31, 46, 47, 48, 82, 89
Quivira, 72, 74, 75, 76, 101, 104, 108
Rencher, Gov. Abraham, 194, 264
Ritch, William G., 199, 203, 256, 265
Robinson, Dr., 133, 135, 142
Rodey, Bernard S., 235, 266
Rodriguez, Agustin (see Ruiz)
Ross, Gov. E. G., 205, 264
Roubidoux, Antoine, 154
Ruiz, Agustin, 79-81, 94
Salcedo, Nemeeio, 130, 143
Saldivar, Juan, 93, 97
Saldivar, Vicente, 92, 93, 96, 98, 101, 104, 105
Salmeron, Geronimo de Zarate, 100
San Antonio (see Seneeu)
San Bartolome, 81
San Cristobal, 89
San Felipe, 32, 36, 47, 119, 142
San Gabriel, 95, 104
San Ildefonso, 32, 36, 47, 94, 95
San Juan, 32, 36, 48, S4, 88, 94, 138
San Lazaro, 47, 89, 119
San Marcos, 47, 89
Sandia, 33, 34, 36, 47, ]26
Sandoval, Antonio, 151
Santa Ana, 32, 36, 119
Santa Barbara, 81
Santa Clara, 32, 36, 48, 84
Santa Cruz, 111, 120
Santa Fe, 17, 102, 104, 106, 139
" " Board of Trade, 206
" " capitol, 203, 204, 211, 214
" " Castrense church, 126
" " cathedral, 126
" " San Miguel Chapel, 119,124
" "the Palace, 111, 139, 140
" " plaza, 114, 158
" " Rosario Chapel, 158
" " sieges of, 111, 117, 119
" soldiers' monument, 224
'' university, 258 ''
'' Woman's Board of Trade, 211


Santa Fe Trail, 164-174
Santa Maria, Juan de, 79, 80
Santo Domingo, 32, 36, 94, 95, 142
Sarracino, Francisco, 151
Schools, 252-258
School of mines, 206, 208, 256
Secretaries, territorial, list of, 265
Sena, Maj. Jose D., 223
Senecu, 47, 77, 94
Sheep, 62, 143, 145
Sheldon, Gov. Lionel A., 203, 264
Sibley, Gen. II. H., 221, 222
Simpson, report of Lieutenant, 4S
Slavery, opposed by people, 229
Slough, John P., 197, 222, 223, 265
Smith, Hugh N., 188
Socorro, 47. 77, 94
Spanish-American War, 212, 213
Statehood, struggle for, 1S7, 1S8,
200-20S, 210, 217, 219, 227-243
State legislature, first, 270
State officers, 267
St. Train, Ceran, 154, 184, 222
TABIRA, 14, 25, 27, 76, 94, 96
Tanos, 32, 46, 47, 84
Taos, 32, 36, 47, 50, 77, 88, 95, 118
Taos Pueblo, battle of, 185
Taos revolt, 183-186
Tehuas, 31, 47, 48, 84
Tertio-Millennial celebration, 204
Tesuque, 32, 36, 48, S4, 119
Texan incursions, 173-174
Texan invasion of 1862, 220-226
Texan Santa Fe expedition, 155-157
Texas, 15
Thornton, Gov. W. T., 210, 264
Tihuas, 47, 48
Tihuex, 31, 71, 73
Tison River, 70
Tobar, Pedro de, do, 70
Toltecs, 22, 23
Tompiros, 46, 47, 48
Totonteae, 62, 65, 70
Tradition, value of, 21
Tupatu, 116, 118
Turquoise, 56, 62
Turk, The, 72, 74, 75, 76
Tusayan, 31, 70
Tutahaco, 31, 72
UNIVERSITY, 206, 20S, 256
University, Santa Fe, 251, 255, 258
Urraca, 88
Utes, 124, 126
Vigil, Donaciano, 152, 182, 187, 190,
263, 264 Vigil, Juan Bautista, 150, 151, 177,
Villagra, Caspar, 38, 93, 101, 104
Yiscarra, Antonio, 150
WALLACE, GEORGE H., 212, 265
Wallace, Gov. Lew, 200, 264 Watrous, Samuel B., 154
Weightman, Richard II., 188, 193, 230
YUQUE-YUNQUE, 31, 77, 95
ZIA, 31, 32, 36, 82, 95, 119
Zimi, 32, 36, 47, 48, 69, S3, 97, 101
Zutucapan, 97

3rd Marine Logistics Groups Regimental Commanding Officer Change of Command Ceremony

Col. Christopher A. Feyedelem passes the regimental colors at the 3rd Marine Logistics Group Headquarters Regiment change of command ceremony, June 28, 2017, on Camp Kinser, Okinawa, Japan. Since July 2015, Feyedelem, a Norwalk, Ohio native, has served as the regimental commanding officer as well as the camp commander for Camp Kinser. His responsibilities not only entailed taking care of his. .

Vacations in Scotland

Are you ready for your Scottish vacation and a trip of a lifetime?

Whatever you're after, we've got it. Lots of history, stunning landscapes, fantastic city life, attractions, activities and mouthwatering food.

And that's not all. On your vacation to Scotland, follow in the footsteps of your ancestors and find out what clan you belong to, discover Scotland's national drink, whisky, or enjoy a tour of one of our many islands.

So what are you waiting for?

Scottish Whisky Distillery Tours

Discover distilleries you can visit in Scotland's five whisky producing regions.


From striking clifftop fortresses to crumbling ruins, Scotland is home to hundreds of ancient castles.

Highland games

From the tug o' war to the caber toss, Scotland's Highland games are not to be missed.

Discover Scotland, the Home of Golf.


Learn about haggis, Scotland's national dish, with information on what is haggis, how to cook haggis, haggis recipes, Burns' suppers and more.

Outlander Filming Locations

Step into the world of Claire and Jamie and discover standing stones, castles, kilts and more.


Plan your days in Scotland with the help of our suggested itineraries.


Uncover your Scottish heritage, find your clan and research your family tree.


1945� [ edit ]

Designed for harbor duties of towing, firefighting, and assisting ships in berthing and docking, Nanigo - initially allocated to the 3rd Naval District - was assigned to Task Force 23 for shakedown training and availability. Upon completion of her fitting out, she proceeded to Norfolk, Virginia, to report to Commander, Training Group, Chesapeake Bay area, Commander, Task Group 23.8, for duty in connection with shakedown. Upon completion of that period of working-up, she underwent post-shakedown availability at Norfolk Naval Shipyard.

Required by Commander, Service Force, Pacific Fleet, she reported for duty with Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet/Commander, Pacific Ocean Area, on 26 October 1945. Ultimately, she departed Pearl Harbor on 19 January 1946 and sailed west to Kwajalein. Arriving on the 29th, she reported for duty under Atoll Commander, Kwajalein, as relief for YTM-469 and joined in preparing that island for the increased shipping expected in connection with the forthcoming Operation Crossroads, the 1946 atomic test series. On her return to the United States, Nanigo prepared for inactivation and on 19 February 1948 was placed out of service, in reserve, at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Washington.

1950� [ edit ]

Reactivated and placed in service in September 1950, Nanigo was assigned to the 13th Naval District at Seattle, Washington. Reclassified as a medium tug, YTM-537, in February 1962, she served that district until transferred, late in 1967, to the 17th Naval District at Kodiak, Alaska. Assigned then to Naval Station, Adak, punctuating her tour with routine overhauls at Seattle, Nanigo operated there into the spring of 1972. On 7 February 1970, the tug brought the U.S. fishing vessel Aleutian Queen, that had lost steering control 130 miles (210 km) northwest of Adak, into port for repairs. On 3 August 1970, when the captain's gig ran aground with a fishing party 100 feet (30 m) offshore in Finger Bay, Nanigo and a station medium landing craft (LCM) retrieved the fishermen without incident. Between 10 and 14 December 1971, Nanigo most likely participated as one of the three station tugs that assisted fleet tug Cree  (ATF-84) , temporarily deployed to Naval Station, Adak, in fighting fires on board the gutted Japanese fishery factory vessel Katata Maru in gale force winds and bitter temperatures.

Loss, 1972 [ edit ]

On 1 April 1972, fleet tug Takelma  (ATF-113) took the unmanned Nanigo in tow and stood out from Adak, bound for Bremerton, Washington. Takelma and her charge encountered heavy seas on 7 April, and the towline parted. Over the next four days, assisted by naval aircraft, the tug searched for her lost tow, ultimately without success. The operation was suspended on 11 April 1972 Nanigo was never recovered.

Tutahaco YTB-624 - History

Source(s): Majestic Journey: Coronado’s Inland Empire

Author(s): Stewart L. Udall (Author)

Before Coronado’s expedition into New Mexico, a muster roll was taken describing each traveler in detail.

We know a lot about events that day at Compostela— exactly 192 years before George Washington was born in 1732—because Don Antonio had issued an order that each soldier would pass before an inspector and declare his possessions. Thus, diligent sc.

Source(s): The Journey of Francisco Vasquez de Coronado 1540-1542 Coronado Cuarto Centennial Publications, 1540-1940

Author(s): Pedro de Castañeda (Author) George P. Hammond (Editor) Agapito Rey (Editor)

How the Zunis kill the negro Esteban at Cibola, and how Fray Marcos flees in flight.

CHAPTER III — How they killed the negro Esteban at Cíbola, and how Fray Marcos returned in flight. When Esteban got away from the said friars, he craved to gain honor and fame in everything and to be credited with the boldness and daring of dis.

Source(s): The Journey of Coronado 1540-1542 (Chapter XI)

Author(s): George Parker Winship (Editor)

How Don Pedro de Tovar discovered Tusayan or Tutahaco and Don García López de Cárdenas saw the Firebrand River and the other things that happened. While the things already described were taking place, Cíbola being at peace, the General Francis.

Watch the video: Piloting the Woban Class WW2 Tug Mazapeta (June 2022).


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